Martiena R. Richter

Scratchboard Technique
Scratchboard is the world's most direct engraving medium. To create an original engraving, the artist first develops a pencil sketch which is then transferred to the scratchboard. Scratchboard is a white clay board which has been coated with black ink. A very sharp knife is used to  

 


scratch through the ink surface which results in a white engraving on a black background. After the entire engraving has been completed in black and white, several layers of transparent watercolor are applied. The engraving is then rescratched to blend and highlight certain areas and additional color may be added to reach the final result.

Scratchboard is a wonderful medium to represent wildlife because of the
intricate detail, sharp contrast, and wonderful texture that can be
achieved--the subject comes alive before your eyes as the engraving
progresses. The completed scratchboard engraving really combines the best of two worlds: the beauty of a full color painting and the detail, texture and precision of an engraving.

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